Phentermine For Sale, [caption id="attachment_93" align="aligncenter" width="640" caption="Electrical transformers serving neighborhoods may overheat and fail if buyers of electric cars like the Nissan Leaf, above, and the Chevrolet Volt plug in their cars on hot evenings when air conditions kick in. A cluster of electric cars on a block could almost guarabtee trouble. Phentermine dose, | Photo by J. Emilio Flores, New York Times "][/caption]
NEW YORK -- The first mass-market electric cars go on sale next month, Phentermine description, and the nation's electric utilities couldn't be more thrilled -- or worried. Buying Phentermine online over the counter, Plugged into a socket, an electric car can draw as much power as a small house. The surge in demand could knock out power to a home, online Phentermine without a prescription, or even a neighborhood. Low dose Phentermine, That has utilities in parts of California, Texas and North Carolina scrambling to upgrade transformers and other equipment in neighborhoods where the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt are expected to be in high demand. Phentermine For Sale, Not since air conditioning spread across the country in the 1950s and 1960s has the power industry faced such a growth opportunity. Last year, Phentermine cost, Americans spent $325 billion on gasoline, Order Phentermine from United States pharmacy, and utilities would love even a small piece of that market.
The main obstacles to wide-scale use of electric cars are high cost and limited range, at least until a network of charging stations is built, Phentermine schedule. But utility executives fret that difficulties keeping the lights on for the first crop of buyers--and their neighbors--could slow the growth of this new niche. Where can i find Phentermine online, "You never get a second chance to make a first impression," says Mike Rowand, who is in charge of electric vehicle planning at Duke Energy, purchase Phentermine for sale.
Auto executives say it's inevitable that utilities will experience some difficulties early on, Phentermine For Sale. "We are all going to be a lot smarter two years from now, Where can i buy cheapest Phentermine online, " says Mark Perry, director of product planning for Nissan North America.
Electric cars run on big batteries that are charged by plugging into a standard wall socket or a more powerful charging station, Phentermine price. A combined 30, Online buying Phentermine, 000 Nissan Leafs and Chevrolet Volts are expected to be sold over the next year. Over the next two years, Ford, Phentermine alternatives, Toyota and every other major automaker also plan to offer electric cars.
Electric cars produce no emissions, but the electricity they are charged with is made mostly from fossil fuels like coal and natural gas that do, kjøpe Phentermine på nett, köpa Phentermine online. Still, Phentermine over the counter, electric cars produce two-thirds fewer greenhouse gas emissions, on average, than a similarly sized car that runs on gasoline, Phentermine online cod, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Driving 10,000 miles on electricity will use about 2,500 kilowatt-hours, or 20 percent more than the average annual consumption of U.S, Phentermine For Sale. Phentermine price, coupon, homes. At an average utility rate of 11 cents per kilowatt-hour, that's $275 for a year of fuel, Phentermine for sale, equivalent to about 70 cents per gallon of gasoline. Phentermine maximum dosage, "Electric vehicles have the potential to completely transform our business," says David Owens, executive vice president of the Edison Electric Institute, cheap Phentermine no rx, a trade group. Phentermine gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Vehicle clusters
Nationwide, utilities have enough power plants and equipment to power hundreds of thousands of electric cars. Phentermine For Sale, Problems could crop up long before that many are sold, though, because of what utilities call "clustering."
Electric vehicle clusters are expected in neighborhoods where:
• Generous subsidies are offered by states and localities.
• Weather is mild, effects of Phentermine, because batteries tend to perform better in warmer climates. Phentermine samples, • High-income and environmentally conscious commuters live.
Adding an electric vehicle or two to a neighborhood can be like adding another house, and it can stress the equipment that services those houses, Phentermine brand name.
"We're talking about doubling the load of a conventional home, Phentermine mg, " says Karl Rabago, who leads Austin Energy's electric vehicle-readiness program. "It's big."
How big depends on the size of the battery, and how fast the car is charged, Phentermine For Sale.
When plugged into a standard 120-volt socket, order Phentermine from mexican pharmacy, the electric car will draw 1, Buy Phentermine from canada, 500 watts. By comparison, a medium-sized air conditioner or a countertop microwave oven will draw about 1,000 watts.
But the car can be charged faster, and therefore draw more power, when plugged into a home charging station. The first Leafs and Volts can draw 3,300 watts, and both carmakers may boost that to 6,600 watts soon. Phentermine For Sale, The Tesla Roadster, an electric sports car with a huge battery, can draw 16,800 watts. That's the equivalent of 280 60-watt light bulbs.
A modest home in the San Francisco Bay area that doesn't need air conditioning might draw 3,000 watts at most.
Transformers that distribute power from the electrical grid to homes are often designed to handle fewer than a dozen homes. Extra stress on a transformer from one or two electric vehicles could cause it to overheat and fail, knocking out power to the block.
The "nightmare" scenario, according to Austin Energy's Rabago: People come home from work on a hot afternoon, turn on the air conditioner and the plasma television, blend some frozen cocktails, start cooking dinner on an electric stove --and plug their car into a home charging station, Phentermine For Sale.
An electric vehicle plugged into a standard wall socket poses a different problem. It will put less stress on a transformer, but it could trip a circuit breaker if the circuit serves other appliances. Power would go off in part of the house.
To head off problems, utilities are gathering information from Nissan and Chevrolet, doing customer surveys and looking at buying patterns of hybrid gas-electric cars like the Toyota Prius to try to predict where they might see clusters of electric car buyers.
Utilities also hope to persuade drivers to program their cars to charge late at night, when rates are low and most appliances are switched off.
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