TIANJIN, CHINA - Judging by the din at its factory here one recent day, the Spanish company Gamesa might seem to be a thriving player in the Chinese wind energy industry it helped create, Xanax samples.
But Gamesa has learned the hard way, as other foreign manufacturers have, that competing for China's lucrative business means playing by house rules that are often stacked in Beijing's favor, Xanax For Sale.
Nearly all the components that Gamesa assembles into million-dollar turbines here, Xanax schedule, for example, are made by local suppliers -- companies Gamesa trained to meet onerous local content requirements. And these same suppliers undermine Gamesa by selling parts to its Chinese competitors -- wind turbine makers that barely existed in 2005, Xanax duration, when Gamesa controlled more than one-third of the Chinese market. Xanax australia, uk, us, usa, But in the five years since, the upstarts have grabbed more than 85 percent of the wind turbine market, aided by low-interest loans and cheap land from the government, Xanax used for, as well as preferential contracts from the state-owned power companies that are the main buyers of the equipment. Xanax reviews, Gamesa's market share now is only 3 percent. Xanax For Sale, With their government-bestowed blessings, Chinese companies have flourished and now control almost half of the $45 billion global market for wind turbines. The biggest of those players are now taking aim at foreign markets, particularly the United States, buy Xanax online cod, where General Electric has long been the leader. Order Xanax from United States pharmacy, The story of Gamesa in China follows an industrial arc traced in other businesses, like desktop computers and solar panels. Chinese companies acquire the latest Western technology by various means and then take advantage of government policies to become the world's dominant, what is Xanax, low-cost suppliers. Buy Xanax online no prescription, It is a pattern that many economists say could be repeated in other fields, like high-speed trains and nuclear reactors, unless China changes the way it plays the technology development game -- or is forced to by its global trading partners, Xanax price, coupon.
Companies like Gamesa have been so eager to enter the Chinese market that they not only bow to Beijing's dictates but have declined to complain to their own governments, even when they see China violating international trade agreements, Xanax For Sale.
Even now, Xanax brand name, Gamesa is not crying foul -- for reasons that are also part of the China story. Although the company's market share in China has atrophied, the country's wind turbine market has grown so big, Xanax wiki, so fast that Gamesa now sells more than twice as many turbines in China as it did when it was the market leader five years ago. Buy generic Xanax, "If we would not have done it, someone else would have done it," said Jorge Calvet, purchase Xanax, Gamesa's chairman and chief executive. Low dose Xanax, Gamesa, an old-line machinery company that entered the wind turbine business in 1994, is a modern Spanish success story, where can i find Xanax online. Xanax For Sale, With sales of $4.4 billion last year, it is the world's third-largest turbine maker, after Vestas of Denmark, the longtime global leader, and GE.
With its relatively low Spanish labor costs, Comprar en línea Xanax, comprar Xanax baratos, Gamesa became an early favorite a decade ago when China began buying significant numbers of imported wind turbines, as Beijing started moving toward clean energy.
But Chinese officials had begun to slip new provisions into the bidding requirements for some state-run wind farms, cheap Xanax no rx, requiring more and more of the content of turbines to be equipment produced within China -- not imported. Order Xanax from mexican pharmacy, Those piecemeal requirements soon led to a blanket requirement. On July 4, 2005, Xanax class, China's top economic policy agency passed Notice 1204 that declared wind farms had to buy equipment in which at least 70 percent of the value was domestically manufactured.
Trade lawyers say that setting any local content requirement -- let alone one stipulating such a high domestic share -- was a violation of the rules of the World Trade Organization, the international body that China had joined just four years earlier, Xanax For Sale. Buy Xanax from canada, It was not until the summer of 2009, when senior Obama administration officials started looking at barriers to U.S. clean energy exports, Xanax long term, that the United States pressed China hard about Notice 1204. Xanax overnight, The Chinese government revoked it two months later.
But by then, the policy was no longer needed, Xanax recreational. Xanax For Sale, Some Gamesa wind turbines exceeded 95 percent local content.
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The Chinese government is now slowing the approval of new wind farms as it gives its national electricity system time to absorb thousands of new turbines that have already been erected and not yet connected to the grid. Order Xanax online c.o.d, The government policy means that Chinese turbine makers must now look beyond their captive national market for further growth.
Sinovel, China's biggest wind turbine maker, Xanax description, has said it wants to become the world's largest by 2015. Order Xanax no prescription, Sinovel is among the Chinese companies now opening U.S. sales offices in preparation for a big export push next year, Xanax For Sale. They are backed by more than $13 billion in low-interest loans from Chinese government-owned banks and billions more are being raised in initial public offerings.
Multinationals are alarmed. Vestas, for example, is closing four factories in Denmark and one in Sweden, and laying off one-eighth of its 24,000-person labor force, in an effort to push its costs down closer to Asian levels.
The provincial government of Ontario in Canada now wants to take a page from China's playbook by trying to require 25 percent local content for wind energy projects and 50 percent for solar power projects in the province. The Japanese government responded by filing a WTO complaint against Canada in September, asserting that Ontario was violating the WTO prohibition on local content requirements. By contrast, Japan has never filed a WTO complaint on any issue against China, for fear of harming diplomatic relations with its large neighbor.
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